Fuel poverty in England is now measured using the Low Income Low Energy Efficiency (LILEE) indicator which replaced the Low Income High Costs (LIHC) indicator. Under LILEE, a household is considered to be fuel poor if: they are living in a property with a fuel poverty energy efficiency rating of band D or below; and where they to spend the required amount to heat their home, they would be left with a residual income below the official poverty line. • The proportion of households in England in fuel poverty was estimated to have decreased by 1.6 percentage points from 2018 to 13.4 % in 2019 (approximately 3.18 million households). • In 2019, the average fuel poverty gap (the reduction in fuel bill that the average fuel poor household needs in order to not be classed as fuel poor) in England was estimated at £216, down slightly from £225 in 2018 in real terms following a steady downward trend since 2014. • The lower number of households in fuel poverty also caused the aggregate fuel poverty gap for England to continue to decrease in 2019 (by 15.1 % in real terms) to £687 million. Key drivers of fuel poverty, 2018-2019 • Energy efficiency – improvement in energy efficiency between 2018 and 2019 has brought more low income households to band C which removes them fuel poverty. • Incomes – incomes increased at the median rate of increase for households near the low income threshold so the share of households in relative poverty remained similar.
Industrial prices, in real terms, steadily fell from the mid-1980s until 1996 where they were at their lowest. Industrial prices then rose again reaching a peak in 2013 before falling. Since the recent low in 2016, industrial prices had generally been on the rise. However, in 2020 coal, gas and heavy fuel oil prices fell. Compared to the previous year, in 2020 industrial electricity prices, in real terms, were up by 0.4% and were the highest on record while gas prices were down by 13%. Coal prices paid for by industry were down by 8.1%. Industrial heavy fuel oil is used less than other fuels affected by bulk buying and stockpiling and prices in real terms were down by 19%. Over the last five years industrial gas prices, in real terms, have decreased by 21% while electricity prices have increased by 12%.
Compared to 2019, total domestic energy prices in 200 decreased in real terms by 10%. Over the same time period, liquid fuels decreased by 34%, gas prices decreased by 15%, electricity prices decreased by 5.1% and solid fuels decreased 1.3%. Comparing prices in 2020 with prices 10 years prior, real prices for domestic fuels overall increased by 10%. The real price of electricity increased by 28% and solid fuels increased by 2.6%. However, the real price for gas decreased by 8.1% and liquid fuel prices decreased by 38%.
In cash terms the price of Ultra Low Sulphur Petrol (ULSP) cost 11 pence per litre less and diesel cost 12 pence per litre less in 2020 than in 2019. In real terms the price of petrol and diesel were both 14% lower in 2020 compared to 2019. In 2020 taxes and duty accounted for 68% of the retail price of unleaded and 65% of the price of diesel.
Households in the United Kingdom spent, on average, 4.2% of their total expenditure on fuel for their homes in 2019/20, the same amount as 2018/19. Households whose income falls in the lowest 10% in the United Kingdom spend, on average, 7.7% of their weekly spend on fuel for their homes. The top 10% of households in terms of income, spend only 2.7% per week of their weekly spend on domestic fuel.
The Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy (BEIS) also produces the following energy and climate change statistics publications: The Digest of United Kingdom Energy Statistics is the annual energy statistics publication of BEIS. With extensive tables, charts and commentary covering all the major aspects of energy, it provides a detailed and comprehensive picture of the last three years and a detailed picture for the last five years. It includes detailed information on the production and consumption of individual fuels and of energy as a whole. The 2021 edition, published on 29 July 2021, is available at:Digest of UK energy statistics dukes
The Energy Flow Chart is an annual publication illustrating the flow of primary fuels from home production and imports to their eventual final uses. They are shown in their original state and after being converted into different kinds of energy by the secondary fuel producers. The 2021 edition of the chart, published on 29 July 2021, shows the flows for 2020 and is available at:Energy flow charts
Energy Trends is a quarterly publication of statistics on energy in the United Kingdom. It includes tables, charts and commentary covering all major aspects of energy. It provides a comprehensive picture of energy production and use, to allow readers to monitor trends during the year.Energy trends
Monthly updates to tables in Energy Trends split by fuel source are also available. Energy Consumption in the United Kingdom brings together statistics from a variety of sources to produce a comprehensive review of energy consumption and changes in intensity and output since the 1970s, with a particular focus on trends since 2000. The information is presented in five key themes covering overall energy consumption, energy intensity by sector, primary energy consumption, end uses and electrical products consumption and stock.Energy consumption in UK
UK Greenhouse Gas Emissions statistics are produced by BEIS to show progress against the UK’s goals, both international and domestic, for reducing greenhouse gas emissions.UK greenhouse gas emissions statistics
Household Energy Efficiency statistics are published by BEIS on the Energy Company Obligation (ECO) and Green Deal (GD). The headline release presents monthly updates of ECO measures and quarterly updates of in-depth ECO statistics, carbon savings and the Green Deal schemes. The detailed report presents annual updates on in-depth Green Deal statistics and insulation levels.Household energy efficiency statistics
Smart Meters statistics are produced by BEIS on the roll-out of smart meters in Great Britain, and covers both operating and installed meters.Smart meter statistics
Natural gas- Currently, natural gas accounts for the vast bulk of power entering the national system from a single energy source. When natural gas is burnt to create power, it emits damaging GHGs such as carbon dioxide (CO2).
Renewables' share of energy generation was 38.6 percent in Quarter 2 2022, up from 37.3 percent in the same quarter previous year but lower than the percentage of fossil fuels (41.9 per cent).
Despite being traditionally self-sufficient in meeting local energy needs, the United Kingdom's reliance on imports has grown in recent decades.
Best overall service | Scottish and Southern Energy.
Best at resolving complaints quickly | EDF.
The largest supplier | British Gas.
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