Types of Weather-stripping and Tips for Installation

Improving all forms of weather-stripping and fixing existing weather-stripping is a simple and inexpensive approach to make your house more energy efficient. Weather-stripping on windows, doors, and other openings around your home that is old, broken, or totally absent can leak cool air in the summer and heated air in the winter.

With a little knowledge of the many types of weather-stripping available and suggestions on how to install weather-stripping, you can make your home up to 20% more energy efficient. This is one of the best winter home improvement tasks.

7 types of weather-stripping and their uses

When deciding how to weatherize your home, you should examine several types of weather-stripping. Weather-stripping is available in a broad range of materials and styles, each with its own set of uses, benefits, and drawbacks. Let's look at some of the most prevalent weather-stripping materials and applications.

•  Tension-seal weather-stripping

This type of weather-stripping is constructed of vinyl, aluminum, or stainless steel. When squeezed, the material is folded into a V shape, which provides spring-like tension to form a tight seal. Because of its form, it is also known as V-strip or V-channel weather-stripping. This long-lasting, practically undetectable alternative is ideal for sealing doors and windows. It does require some ability to install properly and can make opening and closing windows and doors more difficult.

•  Foam weather-stripping

Foam weather-stripping is a type of compression weather-stripping that is available in tape form or that may be applied to wood or metal strips for strength. For irregular-shaped corners and fissures, foam tape is a suitable solution. For regularly used doors and windows, use reinforced foam weather-stripping. Tape is less difficult to apply, but it is less durable. The reinforced kind is more difficult to install but lasts longer.

•  Felt weather-stripping

Felt weather-stripping is a classic material that is one of the most affordable methods to seal doors and windows. It is simple to install and comes in two options: plain or strengthened with a malleable metal strip. Regrettably, it is the least effective and longest-lasting alternative.
Use it to fill gaps around your home that are not vulnerable to movement and on windows that are not often opened. If you go this way, all-wool felt will outlast other varieties of weather-stripping felt.

•  Rolled-vinyl gasket weather-stripping

Flexible or firm rolled-vinyl gaskets are an excellent alternative for door jambs, window stops, door bottoms, and window sashes. They are a long-lasting and weather-resistant solution. When it comes to how to install this sort of weather-stripping, the spools are simple to unroll and apply. It is also a reasonably priced choice.
Foam weather-stripping is a type of compression weather-stripping that is available in tape form or that may be applied to wood or metal strips for strength. For irregular-shaped corners and fissures, foam tape is a suitable solution. For regularly used doors and windows, use reinforced foam weather-stripping. Tape is less difficult to apply, but it is less durable. The reinforced kind is more difficult to install but lasts longer.

•  Door shoe and door sweep weather-stripping

Door shoes and door sweeps are two methods for securing a door to the floor. A door shoe is comprised of U-shaped metal with a vinyl inlay that wraps around the bottom of the door. A door sweep is a wooden or metal strip with a nylon blade that fits around the exterior of the door.
Both of these alternatives are quite durable in general, although they can be tricky to install. You may need to remove the door from its hinges and plane it down to enable enough room for the weather-stripping to open and close easily without sticking.

•  Frost-brake threshold weather-stripping

A solid threshold acts as a thermal bridge, transferring heat or cold from the outside to the inside. Metal thresholds are extremely robust, but they also serve as effective thermal bridges. Efficiency is not a desirable thing in this scenario. In the winter, they can become so cold that water condenses and freezes on them, causing physical damage and mold.
Frost-brake thresholds are physical boundaries in solid materials created by vinyl or silicone inserts that impede the transmission of heat or cold. Installation requires skill, but if you live in an area prone to temperature fluctuations, it may be wise to invest in them.

•  Pile weather-stripping

Pile weather-stripping is made up of thick fibers that are bonded to a metal strip. They are frequently utilized in sliding windows and doors. They are difficult to install, attract dirt, and can become unstick with time. They are, nevertheless, effective when properly placed and maintained.

How do the materials of weather-stripping compare?

Weather-stripping materials come with advantages and disadvantages that you must assess when looking for methods to save energy in your house. Making the proper selections can help you reduce your typical home power use.

Vinyl vs. rubber weather-stripping

There are several options for vinyl vs. rubber weather-stripping. Vinyl, in general, gives greater form and color options as well as improved strength and durability. Both materials are adaptable and simple to use. Vinyl is less costly, but it is a petroleum product. Some people like rubber since it is an organic renewable resource.

Rubber vs. foam weather-stripping

The choice between rubber and foam weather-stripping is a matter of trade-offs. Rubber is a natural substance, but it is more difficult to install than foam. It is more costly, too. Rubber may fracture and break down under severe cold and intense sunlight. Because foam is derived from petrochemicals, it is not a smart choice if you want solely ecologically friendly, green things in your house.

Rubber vs. felt weather-stripping

Rubber weather-stripping outperforms felt weather-stripping in terms of effectiveness, ease of cleaning, and durability. It is also more costly and more difficult to install. Felt is renewable, and its production is less harmful to the environment. If you want a green alternative, felt is an excellent choice.

How to install weather-stripping

After you've decided on the sorts of weather-stripping that will work best for your home, the following step is to put it in place.

Begin by visually inspecting your doors and windows to determine whether weather-stripping is broken, insufficient, or absent. Check for air leaks around your home as well to choose where to begin your remodeling.

To begin, measure the perimeters of all the doors and windows that require weatherproofing. It is a good practice to round up your measurements by 10% to accommodate for errors. Consider the thickness and width of your materials as well, so that you can select the best one for each application.

How do you replace weather-stripping around a window?

Replacing weather-stripping around a window is the same process as replacing weather-stripping around a door.
  • Start by removing all of the old weather-stripping. New weather-stripping must be applied to a clean, dry, flat surface to properly adhere.

  • Use a single, continuous strip along each side.

  • Make sure that the weather-stripping fits snugly together at the corners.

  • When in place, the window should fit tightly against the weather-stripping without being difficult to open.

Even the greatest weather-stripping in the world will not be able to combat aged, leaky windows. Replacing damaged and draughty windows with new energy-efficient windows is one of the finest home renovations for increasing the market value of your house.

How do you seal a garage door?

•  Remove any existing weather-stripping, ensuring sure the surface is clean, dry, and flat when done.

•  Measure the top and sides of the garage door, then cut weather-stripping to fit.

•  Attach the weather-stripping loosely around the top of the garage door until it is entirely in place. After that, tighten all of the screws.

•  Repeat the instructions on both sides of the garage.

•  Test your garage door to ensure that the weather-stripping is not interfering with its ability to open and shut.

Repairing and repairing weather-stripping is towards the top of most winter energy-saving tip lists, and it also helps you heat your house efficiently in the autumn. Replacing or installing new weather-stripping is a simple and affordable procedure. It is time well spent when it comes to making your house more pleasant and efficient.

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